Hawaii Kilauea Volcano Erupts


via Wikimedia Commons

The Kilauea Volcano eruption

On Friday, May 4th, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake hit the residents of the Big Island of Hawaii. This was produced by the Kilauea Volcano and became the strongest earthquake since 1975. As a result, many people had to evacuate and numerous homes and structures were destroyed. Soon after this earthquake, Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano erupted.

The earthquake knocked out the power for many residents who already needed to deal with evacuating, molten rock, and high levels of sulfur in the air. According to scientists, lava had been spewing more than 200 feet into the air and Kilauea might be likely to release more lava through additional vents, but they were unable to predict exactly where. There were more than 1,700 people who needed to evacuate and would not be able to return for a while. Every day there are many new cracks and vents that have opened up and caused more problems and dangers to many residents around the area. Especially on Thursday and Friday, an area of fissures and cracks erupted, spurting lava around many communities.

Additionally, according to the Hawaii county civil defense officials, ten fissures have opened since Thursday. Luckily, there were no immediate reports of any injuries, but many had to evacuate and caused more than 100 people to stay in shelters. Also, the lava filled many streets and destroyed 36 structures so far. As of now, there are many concerns for the city as well as the residents. According to the USGS, experts are concerned that Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano will be at risk of many explosive eruptions that could lead to emitting ballistic projectiles.

Now, a huge concern is it might emit ballistic projectiles. Ballistic projectiles can occur when lava continues to sink in a lake inside a crater and when a large amount of groundwater interacts with the lava. This can create steam explosions. These forces would emit ballistic projectiles. The volcanoes also release slow-moving lava and toxic gases. Another concern is the dangerously high amounts of sulfur dioxide gas in the air. If winds weaken, gas and pollutants will settle easily with the moisture and dust that can create a volcanic smog that can lead to headaches and irritation in the eyes and lungs.

There are many problems, dangers, and concerns for the residents of the island from this Hawaii Kilauea volcano eruption. Not only are their worries about volcanoes but also more earthquakes that can lead to more eruptions and explosions.