Is Dog Breeding Ethical?

Dogs are one of the most adored and popular pets around the world. Many people adopt these animals as cute companions, hoping to have a great time spending time with them and taking care of them. Since there is a variety of dog breeds that exist, there are many types of dogs to choose from, such as the Golden Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, Poodle, etc. These dogs are the center of attention and attract many future dog-owners to animal shelters or pet stores for adoption. However, behind all this cuteness, there’s a sad truth that isn’t taken seriously. In order to have all these types of dogs, the animals need to be bred together, producing the same kind or something totally new. Dog breeding is “the practice of mating selected dogs with the intention of maintaining or producing specific qualities and characteristics (Wikipedia).” To some, this might sound okay and reasonable, but for others, the topic can be viewed as cruel and unethical. Getting to the point of this article and a question that’s been debated over for a long time, is dog breeding an ethical thing to do? Answering this question, it’s strong to say that dog breeding is immoral because of the three following reasons: it increases the overpopulation crisis of animals, harms the dogs, and promotes purebred superiority.

Starting off with the first reason, dog breeding is unethical because it fuels the increase of animal overpopulation in the world. There’s no doubt people know about the increasing number of animals in the world especially with factories or individuals producing more kinds of dogs by breeding. Focusing on the topic, dog breeders are no better and have the intention of mating dog species together in order to produce an offspring of desired wants. These breeders call themselves “responsible” and “beneficial” because they’re the ones who create the dogs people buy, but, in truth, the actions made can cause other problems to sprout and harm society. The overpopulation crisis ties in with this subject because with breeders mating dogs continuously, the chance of other homeless animals being adopted reduces, meaning that these poor animals end up being killed later on. Elaborating more, a true fact that’s been stated is, “More than 6 million animals end up homeless every year and half of them must be euthanized because there simply aren’t enough proper homes for them (PETA).” As a result, over-breeding is a serious problem that is present today and is considered the main factor that contributes to animal overpopulation. Pets who no longer have homes or aren’t desired end up being abandoned, suffering from the actions of dog breeders. Moreover, dog breeders might not have well-thought intentions of breeding, with only the goal of making money off of the dogs as their source of income.

Secondly, dog breeding can harm the dogs themselves. . Even with breeders saying that they take good care of the pets and responsibly with managing the pets, there are multiple facts that deny this statement. Most dogs that are utilized for breeding are kept in small cages and have no chance of enjoying their days in the sun, running around, and spending quality time with their owners. They’re stripped from freedom and socialization with other animals, being forced to live with poor quality food, dirty waste, and unclean water. Even during the process of breeding, dogs suffer and get harmed because forcefully mating animals together can cause permanent damages to their bodies. Some examples of cruel results in breeding dogs are hip dysplasia, deafness, heart defects, and epilepsy. Although dog breeders might not consider the pain the animals feel while breeding, these dogs suffer from the actions made by the breeders. In addition to this, amateur pet breeders make it worse for dogs because of the inexperience and unprofessional skills used to breed. 

Lastly, the final reason why dog breeding is negative is that it promotes purebred superiority within dog species. With dogs being bred to produce new or more favored kinds, this downgrades the value of mutts and rescue dogs, even though they’re just as special. Proven through scientific research and shortly introduced above, purebred dogs are most likely to have genetic problems or health issues due to overbreeding and careless practices made by breeders. An example that exemplifies this is the English Bulldog, which is man-made species and can end up having multiple health issues later on. Many people often prefer purebreds over mixes or dogs in animal shelters because they believe that bred animals are more charming and have better behaviors. This common belief is false though because there is no proof that purebreds are tamer since the nature of dogs is up to their own lives. Nevertheless, people still stick to their opinions and believe in their own facts, preferring purebreds over mutts, who actually have higher chances of survival and fewer genetic defects due to natural births. 

In summary, dog breeding is unethical because it fuels the overpopulation crisis with animals, injures the dogs, and promotes negative purebred superiority within dog species. There are countless downsides to dog breeding, which is done by humans who have intentions to profit from mating species and get desired needs. Dog breeding shouldn’t be allowed to continue, and many should consider the effects it brings to society and the dogs who go through this pain.