Black History Month

Martin Luther King Jr. and other famous African Americans in this picture

via. Ellsworth Air Force Base

Martin Luther King Jr. and other famous African Americans in this picture

Black History Month started on February 1st and ends on the 29th.  Black History Month is a month celebrating African American history and heroes.  People first started celebrating it in 1915, 50 years after slavery was abolished.  Slavery started in North America in 1619 and it was outlawed in 1865. Even though slavery was outlawed, many people were still racist towards African Americans.  NAACP, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in 1905. Many brave men and women fought against racism. Jackie Robinson, Oliver Brown, Rosa Parks, and Martin Luther King Jr. are all heroes who fought for their rights.

Jackie Robinson played a huge role in the civil rights movement.  He was the son of a sharecropper from Georgia. He served in the U.S. Army and afterward tried playing baseball.  He played with the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro American League in 1945. Branch Rickey, the general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, noticed his skill and signed him to a farm team. After 2 years, Jackie Robinson joined the major league and led his team to multiple division championships and even a world series.  Later on, in the ’50s, teams started to become more racially integrated. Jackie Robinson helped integrate all of sports and lead the civil rights movement.

Oliver Brown was also a major part of the civil rights movement.  He was the father of a young girl named Linda Brown who had to walk for hours just to get to school when a nearer white school didn’t let her in. Oliver Brown was the lead plaintiff in a case where he argued that racial segregation in public schools shouldn’t be allowed.  He completely won the case and made a huge blow against the Jim Crow South.

Rosa Parks was the leader of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and a big part of the civil rights movement.  Parks was 42 at the time in 1955 and the driver tried to make her give up her seat to a white man. Parks was arrested even though she had done nothing wrong.  Martin Luther King Jr. and some other people boycotted the bus company 4 days after her arrest. The company was forced to submit after over a year because they were about to become bankrupt.  The busses were desegregated and the boycott ended a year after on December 20.

Martin Luther King Jr. may have been the biggest part of the entire civil rights movement.  He moved millions after he made his famous “I Have A Dream” speech in 1963. He was able to lead over 250,000 people on a march and end legal segregation in the United States of America.