The Evolution of Space Exploration

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The Evolution of Space Exploration

Space shuttle launching

Space shuttle launching

via Wikipedia

Space shuttle launching

via Wikipedia

via Wikipedia

Space shuttle launching

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Since the beginning of human civilization, mankind has been obsessed with the stars. They have been a foundation for religion, navigation, and science. However, exploring space might also be the solution to much more than just our curiosity, it might be the savior of humanity. Shortly after World War II, began the space race where the United States and the Soviet Union raced to see who would be the first to establish themselves in space. The Soviets managed to launch the first artificial satellite into Earth’s orbit and send the first man to orbit the Earth. However, the United States prevailed and became the first country to send a man onto the moon. The U.S. then launched its first satellite on January 31, 1961.

Sending the first man to the moon was what made space exploration real for most people. It became possible in the eyes of the people that we might be able to live on other planets. The next step was to send up a probe to explore the other planets. More satellites were launched to take photographs of the other planet’s surfaces and their moons.

The next big step in space exploration was the International Space Station. With its launch came the Space Treaty, which said no nation could claim any territory in space as theirs. The International Space Station has been continuously occupied since November of 2000. The purpose of the station is to easily repair other satellites cost efficiently, by reducing the need to send up regular shuttles for repairs.

Now the world is racing to colonize Mars. This could be essential in securing humanity’s survival. Terraforming Mars could help create an environment in which humans could live and plants could grow without restrictions. Rovers are sent up to Mars fairly often to scope out optimal places to establish a first base and take readings of the environment to help prepare.

Exploring space is crucial in expanding the lifespan of the human race. It will help us outlast the worsening conditions on Earth. Humankind has come a long way in the genre of space exploration, but we still have a long way to go.

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